Gut Health, microbiome, prebiotics and probiotics are all buzzwords in the health industry right now, and they deserve to be! Although a newer area of nutrition science, fascinating research has been uncovered that suggests our gut determines a lot more than just our digestive system. This article looks at what a microbiome is, gut dysbiosis, rebalancing the gut, prebiotics, probiotics and more....
What is a Microbiome?
The human microbiota is a microenvironment that contains between 10-100 trillion symbiotic microbial cells. This is made up of primary bacteria in the gut. The first studies of the human gut environment were in the 1680s by Antonie van Leewenhoek. He compared samples of his oral and faecal microbiota, in which he noted the many differences in microbes between these two.
How can you tell if your gut is imbalanced?
Gut imbalance is the generic term for dysbiosis. This is defined as an imbalance between the types of organisms present in a person's microflora, this is thought to contribute to a range of conditions of ill health. There are two families of bacteria that are favourable for the gut these are Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. On the other hand, there are bacteria that are bad for the gut, and these include Staphylococci, Clostridia and E.coli.
Dysbiosis is thought to be caused by:
- Poor dietary intake – increased sugar, processed food and decreased fibre
- Drinking more than 2 glasses of alcohol a day
- Stress and Anxiety
- Some medications
- Dental hygiene
Symptoms of Dysbiosis include:
- Gut Inflammation
- Reduced nutrient absorption
- Congestion of liver, gallbladder & pancreas
- Immune response to partially digested food
- Increased inflammatory disorders such as migraines, arthritis & autoimmune disorders
- Brain fog
- Irritability & mood changes
What is a prebiotic?
In 1995 Glenn Gibson and Marcel Roberfroid discovered Prebiotics. At the time they were defined as non-digestible food ingredients, such as a fibre, that beneficially affects the host by selectively stimulating the growth of beneficial bacteria in the gut. Great examples of prebiotics, that you could add to your diet include, inulin, garlic, legumes, baobab, artichokes, bananas and oats.
What is a probiotic?
Alternatively, probiotics are live bacteria that survive the digestive system and as a result, provides health benefits to the host. Although probiotics have been studied since the 17th century, the first isolation and discovery of a certain strain was in 1905 by Stamen Grigorov. Lactobacillus bulgaricus was the first strain of the bacillus family to be discovered from yoghurt. Beneficial bacteria include bacteria from the Bifidobacteria and Lactobacilli families.
What does the science say?
Research has shown that the addition of prebiotic and probiotic supplements, for better gut balance can improve immunity, digestion, vitamin synthesis, absorption of nutrients from the gut, and reduce the risk of infection.
Specifically for Prebiotics, studies have revealed that taking a daily prebiotic supplement may:
- Reduce the risk, severity and duration of diarrhoea associated with an infection and taking antibiotics.
- Reduce inflammation associated with inflammatory bowel disease
- Reduce the risk of colon cancer by exerting protective effects
- Enhance the bioavailability and uptake of minerals, including calcium, magnesium, and possibly iron
- Lower some risk factors for cardiovascular disease
- Promote satiety and weight loss and prevent obesity.
- Increase calcium absorption and improve bone mineral density.
- Constipation relief and improved transit time
Specifically for Probiotics, studies have revealed that taking a daily probiotic may:
- Acute prevention of diarrhoea associated with antibiotics or travellers' diarrhoea
- Reduce serum cholesterol thus reducing the risk of heart disease
- Improvements in intestinal and gut health
- Improvements in lactose digestion, reducing the symptoms of lactose intolerance.
- Changes in mood related hormones – reduction in anxiety, depression of compulsive behaviours.
- Reduction in constipation and improved transit time
- Reduction in Heliobacter pylori and associated symptoms
- Reduction in severity and regularity of urinary tract infections
- Stimulation of a health immune system, improved ability to fight infection.
- Improved dental health and reduced risk of bacterial colonisation in the mouth
Our Prebiotic and Probiotic Complex Capsule
Vytaliving is championing the forefront of nutritional sciences - introducing the Prebiotic and Probiotic complex from Biovit. These ground-breaking ingredients have taken the supplement industry by storm with customers revealing prebiotic and probiotics have changed their lives. Each attribute to improved digestive health, better digestive regularity reduced gastrointestinal symptoms such as bloating, gas and abdominal cramps. The perfect supplement for someone with reoccurring gut issues, gut imbalance lactose intolerance, or someone that has just taken antibiotics.
1 capsule contains, (daily dosage is 3 capsules):
- Inulin- 200 mg
- Turmeric (Curcuma longa)- 200 mg (20mg of 10:1 extract providing 200mg of Turmeric Equivalent)
- 8 Strain Probiotic (200B CFU/gram)- 60 mg
- 7.5mg of Lactobacillus acidophilus
- 7.5mg of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. Bulgaricus
- 7.5mg of Lacticaseibacillus casei
- 7.5mg of Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus
- 7.5mg of Limosilactobacillus reuteri
- 7.5mg of Bifidobacterium bifidum
- 7.5mg of Bifidobacterium breve
- 7.5mg of Bifidobacterium longum subsp. Longum