Kidney function is incredibly important in maintaining your overall wellbeing. The kidneys are organs that make up the urinary system. The kidneys are responsible for filtering our blood to filter toxins, water and excess water-soluble molecules and remove them via urine. This means that testing our urine can be an great insight into our overall wellbeing.
What is Kidney Disease?
Ther average adult will produce between 0.8 litres and 2.6litres of urine per day. This can change if you develop kidney function. This begins with acute renal failure (AFR) which is a sudden and quick loss of kidney function. This can be reversed if there isn’t any Longterm damage to the kidneys. Next, is chronic kidney disease (CKD), which is the beginning of the gradual loss of kidney function. followed by end-stage renal disease (ESRD), this involves the nearly complete loss of kidney function.
Risk factors for developing kidney disease:
- High Blood Pressure
- Kidney Stones
- High Cholesterol
- An Enlarged Prostate
- Longterm use of certain prescription drugs
Symptoms of kidney disease:
- Need to urinate more often or less often
- Feeling irritable
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
- Hands or feet may swell or feel numb
- Drowsiness or have trouble concentrating
- Darkening of the skin
- Painful and involuntary muscle cramps
What does the kit include?
The Kidney Function Test provides dipstick test strip that check for
- Specific Gravity
This aids with the diagnosis of kidney diseases and problems. The test provides results by the visual comparison with the enclosed colour chart.
The kit should contain everything you need for a singular test measurement. If you are missing any of the components above, please contact our customer service department. Each test contains:
- 1 x pouch containing 5 single use tests
- 1 x Comparison Chart and instruction set.
How do I use the kit?
1) Dip the strip into the urine up to the test area, ensuring all reagent pads are fully immersed. Dip for no more than two seconds.
2) Draw the edge of the strip along the brim of the vessel to remove excess urine; be careful not to allow the test areas to touch the brim of the vessel. Turn the strip on its side and tap once on a piece of absorbent material to remove any remaining urine; excessive urine on the strip may cause the interaction of chemicals between adjacent reagent pads, so that an incorrect result may occur.
3) Compare the colours of the reagent pads exactly after 60 seconds with the colour chart on the vial label under good light. While comparing, keep the strip horizontal to prevent possible mixing of chemicals when excessive urine is present.
Interpreting the Results:
Negative: This is the normal result since urine should not include protein.
Trace: Sometimes having trace amount of protein is considered normal. Repeat the test after several hours. If still having the same result, you should seek medical advice.
30+: This result is not normal. There seems to be a problem with the filtration ability of your kidneys.
Specific Gravity Result
1.000-1.005: This result indicates that your urine is very diluted. The result may be affected by liquid intake. You are advised to repeat the test after 2-3 hours making sure to minimise liquid intake in this period. If you still have the same result, you may have a problem with the concentrating ability of your kidneys and you are advised to seek medical advice
1.010: This is the same Specific Gravity as the filtrate. You are advised to repeat the test at different timers of the day. If you are still having the same result, you may be having a problem with the concentration ability of your kidneys and you are advised to seek medical advice.
1.015-1.025: This indicates a normal result.
1.030: This result also shows that your kidneys are working well. But, having very concentrated urine all the time may reflect a kidney stone problem. It also may be associated with increased Glucose concentration.
0-10: This result indicates that Creatinine is not being filtered from the blood. You should seek medical advice as soon as possible.
50+: This shows a normal result which means that your kidneys are working well in eliminating the by-products from your body.